Want to dive deeper into yoga philosophy and asana with the research of Sanskrit? Join Richard Rosen—writer, YJ contributing editor, and co-founder of the previous Oakland- and San Francisco Bay-based Piedmont Yoga Studio—for Sanskrit 101: A Beginner’s Guide. Through this 6-week introductory on-line course, you’ll study Sanskrit translations, refine your pronunciations, discover its historic highlights, and extra. But, much more considerably, you’ll rework your apply as you start to know the sweetness and which means behind the unique language of yoga. Sign up today!
Pick up any English translation of the Yoga Sutras, and also you’ll not solely get a literal rendering of every sutra itself but in addition the writer’s commentary on it. That’s as a result of apart from people’ nature to philosophize, some further phrases and explanations are sometimes required to completely convey the which means of the unique Sanskrit aphorism. Here, Richard Rosen, who leads our Sanskrit 101 course, shares a couple of examples of Sanskrit phrases that lose one thing in their translation to English.
Deeper Meanings of 4 Common Sanskrit Words
“Ahiṃsā is usually translated as “not hurting,” which is taken to imply “not hurting” anybody bodily,” Rosen says. For instance, many vegans cite ahiṃsā for animals as their guideline. “But actually the word includes not hurting with words and in thought.” Doesn’t that take this yama to the subsequent degree?
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Avidyā is usually translated because the not figuring out or seeing of the one’s true Self. “This is sort of right, but there’s a bit more,” Rosen says. “Avidyā is actually a positive misapprehension or a case of mistaken identity—not only do you not know your Self, but you mistake your constructed everyday self for your true Self.”
Samadhi is usually translated as ecstasy, Rosen factors out, which might be damaged right down to its roots to imply “to stand” (stasis) “out” (ex) of your self. “But samadhi is literally ‘putting together,’” he says. “In essence, the meditator is ‘standing in’ her object of meditation, seeing it in its fullness, bypassing the restrictions of the senses.” The phrase coined by Romanian educational Mircea Eliade to extra precisely relay this concept is “enstasy.”
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In the Yoga Sutra, vairagya, often translated as “dispassion,” is launched alongside abhyasa, or “zealous practice,” as a vital software for all times. “Vairagya literally means ‘growing pale,’” Rosen says. “That is, we are colored by our desires and when we learn to give away the things we are clinging to, we grow paler and paler and more and more translucent until we reach a point where the light just shines right through us.” Knowing that, “dispassion” doesn’t fairly get the purpose throughout, does it?
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